Sunday, November 23, 2014

Aksara Sunda Baku

Dalam $\small\LaTeX$, compiler XeLaTeX sungguh sangat bermanfaat dan membantu sekali dalam penggunaan berbagai jenis huruf untuk penulisan suatu dokumen. Kali ini saya menggunakannya dalam penulisan dokumen tentang Aksara Sunda.

Penulisan dokumen dengan Aksara Sunda ini menggunakan huruf sundanese.ttf yang saya peroleh dari blognya Kang Aduy. Sedangkan acuan materi tentang sistem penulisannya mengacu pada wikipedia.

Gambar di samping  (yang diwarnai) menunjukkan tombol-tombol yang digunakan dalam penulisan Aksara Sunda baku. Gambar tersebut dapat Anda unduh di sini

Bila dibandingkan dengan Satera Jontal, tampak bahwa Aksara Sunda memiliki tingkat kerumitan yang lebih tinggi. Hal ini disebabkan oleh keberadaan satu jenis huruf vokal yang khas, yaitu eu, dan ketersediaan imbuhan (rarangkén) yang digunakan, yaitu 5 jenis rarangkén di atas huruf, 3 jenis rarangkén di bawah huruf, dan 5 jenis rarangkén sejajar huruf. Tentang contoh penggunaan rarangkén dalam tulisan dapat Anda pelajari di sini. Selain itu, dalam Aksara Sunda, angka dituliskan dengan lambang tersendiri (bukan angka Arab).

Di bawah ini adalah dokumen yang memuat hal-hal pokok tentang sistem penulisan Aksara Sunda baku. Dokumen ini saya susun melalui Online LaTeX Editor ShareLaTeX.
Demikian semoga bermanfaat.

Adjie Gumarang Pujakelana 2014

\documentclass[a4paper,10pt]{article}

\usepackage[hmargin=1.5cm,top=1.5cm,bottom=2cm]{geometry}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[indonesian]{babel}
\usepackage{booktabs,longtable}
\usepackage{array}
\usepackage{fontspec}
\usepackage[dvipsnames,svgnames]{xcolor,colortbl}
\setmainfont{sundanese.ttf}
\newfontfamily\Charis{CharisSIL-B.ttf}
\newfontfamily\Ore{oregano.ttf}
\parindent=0pt

\begin{document}

\begin{minipage}[t]{0.45\textwidth}
{\bfseries\Charis\LARGE\color{Sepia} 
   Aksara Ngalagena
}

\bigskip\Huge\centering
\begin{tabular}{>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{3.5cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{2cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{2cm}}\toprule
\bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Aksara Sunda & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Tombol & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Dibaca \\\midrule
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
k & \bfseries\Charis\Large k & \bfseries\Charis\Large ka\\
g & \bfseries\Charis\Large g & \bfseries\Charis\Large ga\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
G & \bfseries\Charis\Large G & \bfseries\Charis\Large nga\\
c & \bfseries\Charis\Large c & \bfseries\Charis\Large ca\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
j & \bfseries\Charis\Large j & \bfseries\Charis\Large ja\\
J & \bfseries\Charis\Large J & \bfseries\Charis\Large nya\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
t & \bfseries\Charis\Large t & \bfseries\Charis\Large ta\\
d & \bfseries\Charis\Large d & \bfseries\Charis\Large da\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
n & \bfseries\Charis\Large n & \bfseries\Charis\Large na\\
p & \bfseries\Charis\Large p & \bfseries\Charis\Large pa\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
b & \bfseries\Charis\Large b & \bfseries\Charis\Large ba\\
m & \bfseries\Charis\Large m & \bfseries\Charis\Large ma\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
y & \bfseries\Charis\Large y & \bfseries\Charis\Large ya\\
r & \bfseries\Charis\Large r & \bfseries\Charis\Large ra\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
l & \bfseries\Charis\Large l & \bfseries\Charis\Large la\\
w & \bfseries\Charis\Large w & \bfseries\Charis\Large wa\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
s & \bfseries\Charis\Large s & \bfseries\Charis\Large sa\\
h & \bfseries\Charis\Large h & \bfseries\Charis\Large ha\\
\bottomrule
\end{tabular}
\end{minipage}\hfill
%
\begin{minipage}[t]{0.45\textwidth}
{\bfseries\Charis\LARGE\color{Sepia} Aksara Swara
}

\bigskip\Huge\centering
\begin{tabular}{>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{3.5cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{2cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{2cm}}\toprule
\bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Aksara Sunda & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Tombol & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Dibaca \\\midrule
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
A & \bfseries\Charis\Large A & \bfseries\Charis\Large  a\\
\{ & \bfseries\Charis\Large \{ & \bfseries\Charis\Large  \'{e}\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
I & \bfseries\Charis\Large I & \bfseries\Charis\Large i\\
O & \bfseries\Charis\Large O & \bfseries\Charis\Large o\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
U & \bfseries\Charis\Large U & \bfseries\Charis\Large u\\
E & \bfseries\Charis\Large E & \bfseries\Charis\Large e\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
\} & \bfseries\Charis\Large \} & \bfseries\Charis\Large eu\\
\bottomrule
\end{tabular}
\end{minipage}\hfill

\clearpage

    \begin{center}
   \bfseries\Charis\LARGE\color{Sepia} 
   Rarangk\'{e}n di Atas Huruf
    \end{center}
    
\begin{table}[!ht]
\Huge\centering
\begin{tabular}{>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{4cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{2cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{2cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{4cm}}\toprule
\bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Aksara Sunda & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Tombol & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Dibaca & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Keterangan\\\midrule
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
i & \bfseries\Charis\Large i & \bfseries\Charis\Large -i & \bfseries\Ore\Large panghulu\\
e & \bfseries\Charis\Large e & \bfseries\Charis\Large -e & \bfseries\Ore\Large pamepet\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
] & \bfseries\Charis\Large ] & \bfseries\Charis\Large -eu & \bfseries\Ore\Large paneuleung\\
Q & \bfseries\Charis\Large Q & \bfseries\Charis\Large -r & \bfseries\Ore\Large panglayar\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
N & \bfseries\Charis\Large N & \bfseries\Charis\Large  -ng & \bfseries\Ore\Large panyecek\\
\bottomrule
\end{tabular}
\end{table}

    \begin{center}
   \bfseries\Charis\LARGE\color{Sepia} 
   Rarangk\'{e}n di Bawah Huruf
    \end{center}
    
\begin{table}[!ht]
\Huge\centering
\begin{tabular}{>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{4cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{2cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{2cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{4cm}}\toprule
\bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Aksara Sunda & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Tombol & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Dibaca & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Keterangan\\\midrule
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
u & \bfseries\Charis\Large u & \bfseries\Charis\Large -u & \bfseries\Ore\Large panyuku\\
R & \bfseries\Charis\Large R & \bfseries\Charis\Large -r- & \bfseries\Ore\Large panyakra\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
L& \bfseries\Charis\Large L & \bfseries\Charis\Large -l- & \bfseries\Ore\Large panyiku\\
\bottomrule
\end{tabular}
\end{table}

    \begin{center}
   \bfseries\Charis\LARGE\color{Sepia} 
   Rarangk\'{e}n Sejajar Huruf
    \end{center}
    
\begin{table}[!ht]
\Huge\centering
\begin{tabular}{>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{4cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{2cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{2cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{4cm}}\toprule
\bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Aksara Sunda & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Tombol & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Dibaca & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Keterangan\\\midrule
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
{[} & \bfseries\Charis\Large [ & \bfseries\Charis\Large -\'{e} & \bfseries\Ore\Large pan\'{e}l\'{e}ng\\
o & \bfseries\Charis\Large o & \bfseries\Charis\Large -o & \bfseries\Ore\Large panolong\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
Y & \bfseries\Charis\Large Y & \bfseries\Charis\Large -y- & \bfseries\Ore\Large pamingkal\\
H & \bfseries\Charis\Large H & \bfseries\Charis\Large -h & \bfseries\Ore\Large pangwisad\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
; & \bfseries\Charis\Large ; & \bfseries\Charis\Large  & \bfseries\Ore\Large pamaeh\\
\bottomrule
\end{tabular}
\end{table}
 
\clearpage

    \begin{center}
   \bfseries\Charis\LARGE\color{Sepia} 
   Angka
    \end{center}
    
\begin{table}[!ht]
\Huge\centering
\begin{tabular}{>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{3.5cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{2cm}>{\centering\arraybackslash}m{3cm}}\toprule
\bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Aksara Sunda & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Tombol & \bfseries\Charis\Large\color{Sepia} Dibaca \\\midrule
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
1 & \bfseries\Charis\Large 1 & \bfseries\Ore\Large  hiji\\
2 & \bfseries\Charis\Large 2 & \bfseries\Ore\Large  dua\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
3 & \bfseries\Charis\Large 3 & \bfseries\Ore\Large tilu\\
4 & \bfseries\Charis\Large 4 & \bfseries\Ore\Large opat\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
5 & \bfseries\Charis\Large 5 & \bfseries\Ore\Large lima\\
6 & \bfseries\Charis\Large 6 & \bfseries\Ore\Large genep\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
7 & \bfseries\Charis\Large 7 & \bfseries\Ore\Large tujuh\\
8 & \bfseries\Charis\Large 8 & \bfseries\Ore\Large dalapan\\
\rowcolor{olive!20}%
9 & \bfseries\Charis\Large 9 & \bfseries\Ore\Large salapan\\
0 & \bfseries\Charis\Large 0 & \bfseries\Ore\Large enol\\
\bottomrule
\end{tabular}
\end{table}

    \begin{center}
   \bfseries\Charis\LARGE\color{Sepia} 
   Tanda Baca
    \end{center}

{\normalsize\Charis\color{Sepia} Di masa sekarang, aksara Sunda menggunakan tanda baca Latin. Contohnya: koma, titik, titik koma, titik dua, tanda seru, tanda tanya, tanda kutip, tanda kurung, tanda kurung siku, dsb.}

\end{document}






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