Tuesday, February 4, 2014

Peralatan Laboratorium Kimia

Bila Anda seorang guru Kimia, mahasiswa jurusan Kimia, atau laboran saya kira Anda akan tertarik dengan ini. Paket pst-labo yang dibuat oleh Denis Girou, Manuel Luque, Christophe Jorssen dan Herbert Voss ini adalah paket yang sangat berguna untuk menampilkan ilustrasi dari peralatan dan percobaan Kimia.

Di bawah ini saya tampilkan contoh pengkodean dan dokumen tentang penggunaan paket pst-labo. Dokumen tersebut saya susun (compile) dalam TeXLive 2013 dengan menggunakan typeset XeLaTeX
Petunjuk penggunaan perintah-perintah dalam pst-labo dapat Anda unduh di sini.
Demikian semoga bermanfaat!

Adjie Gumarang Pujakelana 2014

\documentclass[10pt]{article}
\usepackage{pst-labo}
\usepackage{verbatim}
\usepackage{auto-pst-pdf}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\title{Alat Kimia}
\usepackage[indonesian]{babel}
\usepackage[a4paper,margin=2cm,tmargin=1cm]{geometry}
\usepackage[scaled]{helvet}
\renewcommand*\familydefault{\sfdefault}
\author{{\bfseries Sulaeman, S.Pd.}\\SMK Negeri 2 Sumbawa Besar}
\title{ \LARGE\bfseries Peralatan Laboratorium Kimia}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{calc}
\newcommand{\mybox}[4]% title, content, options, title options
{   \par
    \vspace{3mm}
    \rlap{%
    \begin{tikzpicture}
        \node[draw,minimum width=0.8\textwidth,inner sep=5mm,align=center,outer sep=0pt,#3] (tempnode) {#2};
        \node[fill=white,right,#4] at ($(tempnode.north)!0.9!(tempnode.north west)$) {#1};
    \end{tikzpicture}}
    \par
}
\usepackage{graphicx}

\begin{document}

\maketitle
\mybox{Jenis Gelas Kimia}{
\psset{unit=0.5cm}
\pstTubeEssais
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=ballon]
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=erlen]
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=becher]
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=flacon]
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=fioleJauge]
}{}{}

\mybox{Bouchon}{
\psset{unit=0.45cm}
\psset{bouchon=true}
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=tube]
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=ballon]
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=erlen]
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=flacon]
}{}{}

\mybox{Penjepit}{
\psset{unit=0.5cm}
\psset{bouchon=true,pince=true}
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=tube]\hspace{1cm}
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=erlen]
}{}{}

\mybox{tubeDroit}{
\psset{unit=0.5cm}
\psset{tubeDroit=true}
\rule{0pt}{4cm}%
\pstTubeEssais
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=ballon]
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=erlen]
}{}{}

\mybox{tubeCoude}{
\psset{unit=0.5cm}
\psset{tubeCoude=true}
\rule{0pt}{2.5cm}%
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=erlen]
}{}{}

\mybox{tubeCoudeU}{
\psset{unit=0.5cm}
\psset{tubeCoudeU=true}
\rule{0pt}{2.5cm}%
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=ballon]
}{}{}

\mybox{tubeCoudeUB}{
\psset{unit=0.5cm,glassType=ballon}
\pstChauffageBallon[tubeCoudeU] 
\pstChauffageBallon[tubeCoudeUB]
}{}{}

\mybox{Penamaan dan Penomoran}{
\psset{unit=0.5cm}
\pstTubeEssais[etiquette]
\pstTubeEssais[etiquette,Numero=1]
\pstTubeEssais[glassType=flacon,bouchon,%
etiquette,Numero={\small Cu$^{2+}$}]
}{}{}

\mybox{tubeSeul}{
\psset{unit=0.5cm,glassType=ballon,becBunsen}
\psframebox{\pstChauffageTube[becBunsen,barbotage]}
\psframebox{\pstChauffageTube[tubeSeul=true]}
}{}{}

\mybox{becBunsen}{
\psset{unit=0.5cm,tubeSeul=true}
\pstChauffageTube
\pstChauffageTube[becBunsen=false]
}{}{}

\mybox{barbotage}{
\psset{unit=0.5cm}
\pstChauffageTube[tubeSeul=true]
\pstChauffageTube[barbotage]
}{}{}

\mybox{Senyawa}{
\psset{unit=0.5cm,glassType=becher}
\pstTubeEssais
\pstTubeEssais[substance=\pstBullesChampagne]
\pstTubeEssais[substance=\pstFilaments{red}]
\pstTubeEssais[substance=\pstBilles]
\pstTubeEssais[substance=\pstBULLES{white}]
}{}{}

\mybox{tubeRecourbe}{
\psset{unit=0.5cm,glassType=erlen,recuperationGaz,substance=\pstTournureCuivre}
\pstChauffageBallon
\pstChauffageBallon[tubeRecourbe]
}{}{}

\end{document}



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