Saturday, December 28, 2013

Menulis Huruf Arab #2: Contoh-contoh Penulisan Huruf Arab

Setelah menggunakan paket arabtex ini, akhirnya saya menemukan kenyamanan dalam penulisan naskah yang memuat tulisan Arab. Satu saja yang belum tepat dari paket ini, yaitu ketika menuliskan huruf lam bertasydid dengan vokal kasrah, maka hasilnya ternyata vokal fathah. Misalnya, penulisan ".salli" menghasilkan ".salla". Silakan perhatikan pula beberapa kalimat tentang hal ini di antara contoh-contoh penulisan pada file di bawah ini. Apakah Anda tahu cara yang benar untuk hal ini?


Perlu diingatkan pula bahwa istilah "kata" dalam sistem bahasa Arab berarti "kalimat".

Nah, berikut ini adalah contoh-contoh teknis penulisan huruf Arab yang saya kutip dari buku rujukan dan saya tulis dengan menggunakan $\small\LaTeX$ melalui writeLaTeX.



\documentclass[oneside]{scrbook}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{shapes,snakes}
\title{Contoh Arab}
\usepackage{colortbl}
\definecolor{biru}{cmyk}{1,.60,0,.40}
\definecolor{Teal}{RGB}{0 128 128}
\definecolor{RoyalBlue}{cmyk}{1, 0.50, 0, 0}
\definecolor{Maroon}{cmyk}{0, 0.87, 0.68, 0.32}
\definecolor{webbrown}{rgb}{.6,0,0}
\definecolor{wine-stain}{rgb}{0.5,0,0}
\usepackage{arabtex}
\usepackage[scaled]{helvet}
\renewcommand*\familydefault{\sfdefault}
\usepackage{chngcntr}
\usepackage[inline,shortlabels]{enumitem}
\usepackage{array}
\usepackage{multirow}
\usepackage[
  top=1in,
  left=3cm,
  right=3cm,
  headheight=40pt,
  margin=1.5cm,includefoot,bottom=2cm
 ]{geometry}

\begin{document}
\section*{\color{RoyalBlue!50!black}Contoh-contoh Penulisan Huruf Arab}

\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, rotate=10, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.37\textwidth}
    \centering
    \setarab\arabtrue\fullvocalize
    Ditulis dengan \verb!a!, \verb!i!, \verb!u!\\
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!mana`a!\quad \<\Large mana`a>\qquad
    \verb!_dahaba!\quad \<\Large _dahaba>\\
    \verb!^sariba!\quad \<\Large ^sariba>\qquad
    \verb!qabila!\quad \<\Large qabila>\\
    \verb!`a.zuma!\quad \<\Large `a.zuma>\qquad
    \verb!`alu!\quad \<\Large `alu>\\
    \verb!bal!\quad \<\Large bal>\qquad
    \verb!ni`ma!\quad \<\Large ni`ma>\\
    \verb!yaktub!\quad \<\Large yaktub>
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Huruf vokal: fathah, kasrah, dammah};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=webbrown, fill=webbrown!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=webbrown!75, text=white!200]
%
\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box) {%
    \begin{minipage}[t!]{0.35\textwidth}
    \fullvocalize
        \color{wine-stain} 
Ditulis dengan \verb!A/aa!, \verb!I/iy!, \verb!U/uw!\\
\centering
    \setarab\arabtrue\fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!qAtala!\quad \<\Large qAtala>\qquad
    \verb!nUzi`a!\quad \<\Large nUzi`a>\\
    \verb!lUmI !\quad \<\Large lUmI >\qquad
    \verb!sIrI !\quad \<\Large sIrI >\\
    \verb!lawmI !\quad \<\Large lawmI >\qquad
    \verb!sayrI! \quad \<\Large sayrI >
    \end{minipage}
    };
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Vokal panjang};
\end{tikzpicture}
%----------------------------------------------------------
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, rotate=-10, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.37\textwidth}
    \centering
    Ditulis dengan \verb!_A! atau \verb!Y!\\
    \fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!ram_A !\quad \<\Large ram_A >\qquad
    \verb!_dikr_A !\quad \<\Large _dikr_A >\\
    \verb!`al_A!\quad \<\Large `al_A>\qquad
    \verb!bal_A!\quad \<\Large bal_A>
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Alif Maqsuura};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=webbrown, fill=webbrown!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=webbrown!75, text=white!200]
%
\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box) {%
    \begin{minipage}[t!]{0.4\textwidth}
        \color{wine-stain} 
Ditulis dengan \verb!UA!, \verb!aW!, atau \verb!aWA!\\
\fullvocalize
\centering
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!katabUA !\quad \<\Large katabUA >\qquad
    \verb!yaktubUA !\quad \<\Large yaktubUA >\\
    \verb!ramaWA !\quad \<\Large ramaWA >\qquad
    \verb!yalqaW !\quad \<\Large yalqaW >
    \end{minipage}
    };
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Alif "mati" (\emph{silent})};
\end{tikzpicture}
%----------------------------------------------------------%
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.95\textwidth}
    \centering
    Ditulis dengan \verb!_a!, \verb!i!, \verb!u!\\
    \fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!dAru-h_u !\quad \<\Large dAru-h_u >\qquad
    \verb!ri^gli-h_i !\quad \<\Large ri^gli-h_i >\qquad
    \verb!h_a_dih_i !\quad \<\Large h_a_dih_i >\qquad
    \verb!hAtih_i !\quad \<\Large hAtih_i >\\
    \verb!rabb_i!\quad \<\Large rabb_i >\qquad
    \verb!.sAl_i !\quad \<\Large .sAl_i >\qquad
    \verb!hum_u!\quad \<\Large hum_u >\qquad
    \verb!qiy_amaTuN !\quad \<\Large qiy_amaTuN >\qquad
    \verb!'il_ahuN!\quad \<\Large 'il_ahuN>\\
    \verb!sam_awAtuN!\quad \<\Large sam_awAtuN>\qquad
    \verb!_tal_a_tuN!\quad \<\Large _tal_a_tuN>\qquad
    \verb!l_akin!\quad \<\Large l_akin>\qquad
    \verb!h_a_dA !\quad \<\Large h_a_dA >\\
    \verb!'al-ll_ahu!\quad \<\Large 'al-ll_ahu >\qquad
    \verb!'al-rra.hm_anu!\quad \<\Large 'al-rra.hm_anu>\qquad
    \verb!_d_alika!\quad \<\Large _d_alika >\qquad
    \verb!.sal_aUTuN!\quad \<\Large .sal_aUTuN>\\
    \verb!.hay_aUTuN!\quad \<\Large .hay_aUTuN>\qquad
    \verb!zak_aUTuN!\quad \<\Large zak_aUTuN>\qquad
    \verb!mi^sk_aUTuN!\quad \<\Large mi^sk_aUTuN>\qquad
    \verb!ar-rib_aU !\quad \<\Large ar-rib_aU  >\\
    \verb!tawr_aITuN!\quad \<\Large tawr_aITuN >\qquad
    \verb!ram_aYhu!\quad \<\Large ram_aYhu>\qquad
    \verb!sIm_aYhum!\quad \<\Large sIm_aYhum >
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Vokal panjang tak biasa (\emph{defective})};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%------------------------------------------------------------
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, rotate=10, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.37\textwidth}
    \centering
    Ditulis dengan \verb!_U!\\
    \fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!'_Ul_A !\quad \<\Large '_Ul_A >\qquad
    \verb!'_UlA'i !\quad \<\Large '_UlA'i >\\
    \verb!'_UlU !\quad \<\Large '_UlU >\qquad
    \verb!'_UlA'ika!\quad \<\Large '_UlA'ika >
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Huruf vokal pendek \verb!u!};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=webbrown, fill=webbrown!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=webbrown!75, text=white!200]
%
\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box) {%
    \begin{minipage}[t!]{0.45\textwidth}
        \color{wine-stain} 
Ditulis dengan \verb!-uN!, \verb!-iN!, \verb!-aN!, \verb!-NU!\\
\centering
    \fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!ra^guluN!\quad \<\Large ra^guluN>\qquad
    \verb!ra^guliN !\quad \<\Large ra^guliN >\\
    \verb!ra^gulaN !\quad \<\Large ra^gulaN >\qquad
    \verb!madInaTaN!\quad \<\Large madInaTaN>\\
    \verb!^gamIlaTaN!\quad \<\Large ^gamIlaTaN>\qquad
    \verb!'i_daN ! \quad \<\Large 'i_daN > \\
    \verb!samA'aN!\quad \<\Large samA'aN>\qquad
    \verb!`amraN !\quad \<\Large `amraN >\\
    \verb!ribaNU !\quad \<\Large ribaNU >\qquad
    \verb!`amruNU !\quad \<\Large `amruNU >\\
    \verb!`amriNU ! \quad \<\Large `amriNU >
    \end{minipage}
    };
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Tanwin};
\end{tikzpicture}
%------------------------------------------------------------
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, rotate=-10, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.37\textwidth}
    \centering
    Ditulis dengan \verb!aNY! atau \verb!aN_A!\\
    \fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!'hudaNY !\quad \<\Large hudaNY >\qquad
    \verb!fataN_A !\quad \<\Large fataN_A >
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Alif Maqsuura "mati" setelah tanwin};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=webbrown, fill=webbrown!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=webbrown!75, text=white!200]
%
\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box) {%
    \begin{minipage}[t!]{0.45\textwidth}
        \color{wine-stain} 
Ditulis dengan \verb!T!\\
\fullvocalize
\centering
    \setarab\arabtrue\fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!kalimaTuN!\quad \<\Large kalimaTuN>\qquad
    \verb!kalimaTiN!\quad \<\Large kalimaTiN>\\
    \verb!kalimaTaN!\quad \<\Large kalimaTaN>\qquad
    \verb!fatATuN!\quad \<\Large fatATuN>\\
    \verb!fatATiN!\quad \<\Large fatATiN>\qquad
    \verb!fatATaN! \quad \<\Large fatATaN>
    \end{minipage}
    };
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Ta' Marbuta};
\end{tikzpicture}
%----------------------------------------------------------%
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.95\textwidth}
    \centering
    Ditulis dengan \verb!'!\\
    \fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!'amruN !\quad \<\Large 'amruN >\qquad
    \verb!'ibiluN!\quad \<\Large 'ibiluN >\qquad
    \verb!'u_htuN!\quad \<\Large 'u_htuN >\qquad
    \verb!ra'suN!\quad \<\Large ra'suN >\qquad
    \verb!'ar'asu!\quad \<\Large 'ar'asu >\\
    \verb!sa'ala !\quad \<\Large sa'ala >\qquad
    \verb!qara'a!\quad \<\Large qara'a >\qquad
    \verb!bu'suN !\quad \<\Large bu'suN >\qquad
    \verb!'ab'usuN!\quad \<\Large 'ab'usuN>\qquad
    \verb!ra'ufa!\quad \<\Large ra'ufa>\\
    \verb!ru'asA'u!\quad \<\Large ru'asA'u>\qquad
    \verb!bi'ruN!\quad \<\Large bi'ruN>\qquad
    \verb!'as'ilaTuN !\quad \<\Large 'as'ilaTuN >\qquad
    \verb!ka'iba!\quad \<\Large ka'iba >\qquad
    \verb!qA'imuN!\quad \<\Large qA'imuN>\\
    \verb!ri'AsaTuN!\quad \<\Large ri'AsaTuN >\qquad
    \verb!su'ila!\quad \<\Large su'ila>\qquad
    \verb!samA'uN!\quad \<\Large samA'uN>\qquad
    \verb!barI'uN!\quad \<\Large barI'uN>\qquad
    \verb!sU'uN!\quad \<\Large sU'uN>\\
    \verb!bad'uN !\quad \<\Large bad'uN  >\qquad
    \verb!^say'uN!\quad \<\Large ^say'uN >\qquad
    \verb!^say'iN !\quad \<\Large ^say'iN >\qquad
    \verb!^say'aN !\quad \<\Large ^say'aN > \qquad
    \verb!sA'ala!\quad \<\Large sA'ala>\\
    \verb!mas'alaTuN !\quad \<\Large mas'alaTuN >\qquad
    \verb!saw'aTuN !\quad \<\Large saw'aTuN >\qquad
    \verb!_ha.tI'aTuN !\quad \<\Large _ha.tI'aTuN >\qquad
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Hamzah};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%------------------------------------------------------------
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, rotate=10, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.43\textwidth}
    \centering
    Diawali dengan perintah \verb!\oldhamza!\\
    \fullvocalize\oldhamza 
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!'as'ilaTuN !\quad \<\Large 'as'ilaTuN >\qquad
    \verb!ka'iba!\quad \<\Large ka'iba >\\
    \verb!qA'imuN !\quad \<\Large qA'imuN >\qquad
    \verb!su'ila!\quad \<\Large su'ila >\\
    \verb!^say'aN !\quad \<\Large ^say'aN >\qquad
    \verb!_ha.tI'aTuN!\quad \<\Large _ha.tI'aTuN >
    \newhamza
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Hamzah bentuk lama};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=webbrown, fill=webbrown!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=webbrown!75, text=white!200]
%
\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box) {%
    \begin{minipage}[t!]{0.4\textwidth}
        \color{wine-stain} 
\flushleft{Sesuai dengan konteks, mad terbentuk secara otomatis.}\\
\centering
    \fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!'AkiluN!\quad \<\Large 'AkiluN>\qquad
    \verb!qur'AnuN !\quad \<\Large qur'AnuN >\\
    \verb!ra'Ahu !\quad \<\Large ra'Ahu >\qquad
    \verb!'a.sdiq^A'uh_u!\quad \<\Large 'a.sdiq^A'uh_u>\\
    \verb!ya^g^I'u!\quad \<\Large ya^g^I'u>\qquad
    \verb!'s^U'ila ! \quad \<\Large s^U'ila >
    \end{minipage}
    };
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Mad};
\end{tikzpicture}
%------------------------------------------------------------
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, rotate=-10, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.38\textwidth}
    \centering
    \flushleft{Ditulis dengan menggandakan konsonan bertasydid.}\\
    \fullvocalize 
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!nazzala !\quad \<\Large nazzala >\qquad
    \verb!ba^s^sAruN!\quad \<\Large ba^s^sAruN >\\
    \verb!nawwara !\quad \<\Large nawwara >\qquad
    \verb!sayyiduN!\quad \<\Large sayyiduN >\\
    \verb!sa''AluN !\quad \<\Large sa''AluN >\\
    \verb!.sabiyyuN!\quad \<\Large .sabiyyuN >\qquad
    \verb!`aduwwuN !\quad \<\Large `aduwwuN >\\
    \verb!.sabIyuN!\quad \<\Large .sabIyuN >\qquad
    \verb!`adUwuN !\quad \<\Large `adUwuN >
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Tasydid};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=webbrown, fill=webbrown!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=webbrown!75, text=white!200]
%
\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box) {%
    \begin{minipage}[t!]{0.45\textwidth}
        \color{wine-stain} 
\flushleft{Umumnya kalimat diawali dengan \verb!al-!\\ lalu huruf yang berbaur digandakan.}\\
\centering
    \fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!'al-ddAru!\quad \<\Large 'al-ddAru>\qquad
    \verb!'al-rra^gulu !\quad \<\Large 'al-rra^gulu >\\
    \verb!'al-ssanaTu!\quad \<\Large 'al-ssanaTu >\qquad
    \verb!'al-nnAru!\quad \<\Large 'al-nnAru>\\
    \verb!'al-^gAru!\quad \<\Large 'al-^gAru>\qquad
    \verb!'al-bAbu ! \quad \<\Large 'al-bAbu >\\
    \verb!'al-llaylaTu!\quad \<\Large 'al-llaylaTu>\qquad
    \verb!'al-llisAnu!\quad \<\Large 'al-llisAnu >\\
    \verb!'al-ll_ahu!\quad \<\Large 'al-ll_ahu >\qquad
    \verb!'ad-dAru!\quad \<\Large 'ad-dAru>\\
    \verb!'ar-ra^gulu!\quad \<\Large 'ar-ra^gulu>\qquad
    \verb!'as-sanaTu ! \quad \<\Large 'as-sanaTu >\\
    \verb!'an-nAru!\quad \<\Large 'an-nAru>\qquad
    \verb!'alla_dI !\quad \<\Large 'al-llisAnu >\\
    \verb!'al-ll_ahu!\quad \<\Large 'alla_dI >\qquad
    \verb!'alla_dIna!\quad \<\Large 'alla_dIna>\\
    \verb!'allatI !\quad \<\Large 'allatI >
    \end{minipage}
    };
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Pembauran (\emph{assimilation})};
\end{tikzpicture}
%------------------------------------------------------------
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.95\textwidth}
    \centering
    \fullvocalize 
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!wa-ismuhu!\quad \<\Large wa-ismuhu >\qquad
    \verb!f--a-in.sarafa!\quad \<\Large f--a-in.sarafa >\qquad
    \verb!yA ibnI !\quad \<\Large yA ibnI >\\
    \verb!h_a_dA ibnuh_u!\quad \<\Large h_a_dA ibnuh_u >\qquad
    \verb!qAla u_hru^g!\quad \<\Large qAla u_hru^g >\qquad
    \verb!qad-i in.sarafa!\quad \<\Large qad-i in.sarafa >
    \\
    \verb!ra'aW-u al-bAba!\quad \<\Large ra'aW-u al-bAba >\qquad
    \verb!min-i ibnih_i !\quad \<\Large min-i ibnih_i  >\qquad
    \verb!'al-i-ismu !\quad \<\Large 'al-i-ismu >\\
    \verb!'al-i-i^stirA'u!\quad \<\Large 'al-i-i^stirA'u >\qquad
    \verb!ra^guluN-i ibnatuh_u ^gamIlaTuN!\quad \<\Large ra^guluN-i ibnatuh_u ^gamIlaTuN >\\
    \verb!mu.hammaduN-i al-qura^sIyu!\quad \<\Large mu.hammaduN-i al-qura^sIyu >
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Wasal (pelesapan Alif di awal kalimat)};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%------------------------------------------------------------
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, rotate=10, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.49\textwidth}
    \centering
    \fullvocalize 
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!lil-rra^guli !\quad \<\Large lil-rra^guli >\qquad
    \verb!lal-ma^gdu!\quad \<\Large lal-ma^gdu >\\
    \verb!li-llaylaTi !\quad \<\Large li-llaylaTi >\qquad
    \verb!li-ll_ahi !\quad \<\Large li-ll_ahi >
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Awalan \verb!li-! dan \verb!la-!};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=webbrown, fill=webbrown!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=webbrown!75, text=white!200]
%
\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box) {%
    \begin{minipage}[t!]{0.35\textwidth}
        \color{wine-stain} 
\flushleft{Ditulis dengan penggalan \verb!ll_ah!.}\\
\centering
    \fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!'al-ll_ahu!\quad \<\Large 'al-ll_ahu>\qquad
    \verb!ta-al-ll_ahi !\quad \<\Large ta-al-ll_ahi >
    \end{minipage}
    };
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Nama Tuhan};
\end{tikzpicture}
%------------------------------------------------------------
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, rotate=-10, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.3\textwidth}
    \flushleft{Tatwil adalah tanda hubung untuk memperpanjang teks lafaz, \\ditulis dengan \verb!--!}\\
    \centering
    \fullvocalize 
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!qabila!\quad \<\Large qabila >\\
    \verb!qa--bi--la!\quad \<\Large qa--bi--la >\\
    \verb!q--ab--ila !\quad \<\Large q--ab--ila >\\
    \verb!q--a--b--i--la !\quad \<\Large q--a--b--i--la >\\
    \verb!qa----bi----la!\quad \<\Large qa----bi----la >
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Tatwil};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=webbrown, fill=webbrown!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=webbrown!75, text=white!200]
%
\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box) {%
    \begin{minipage}[t!]{0.5\textwidth}
        \color{wine-stain} 
\flushleft{Ditulis dengan penggalan \verb!-!.}\\
\centering
    \fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!bi-baladiN !\quad \<\Large bi-baladiN >\qquad
    \verb!ta-al-ll_ahi !\quad \<\Large ta-al-ll_ahi >\\
    \verb!sa-ya'tI !\quad \<\Large sa-ya'tI >\qquad
    \verb!li-yafra.ha!\quad \<\Large li-yafra.ha >\\
    \verb!wa-iswadda !\quad \<\Large wa-iswadda >\qquad
    \verb!ba`da-mA !\quad \<\Large ba`da-mA >\\
    \verb!.tAla-mA !\quad \<\Large .tAla-mA >\qquad
    \verb!fI-ma!\quad \<\Large fI-ma >\\
    \verb!`alA-ma!\quad \<\Large `alA-ma >
    \end{minipage}
    };
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Penghubung antarkalimat};
\end{tikzpicture}
%------------------------------------------------------------
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, rotate=10, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.49\textwidth}
    \flushleft{Pemenggal tunggal di awal atau akhir kalimat akan menyambungkan pangkal/ujung dari kalimat yang tertulis.}\\
    \centering
    \novocalize 
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!s!\quad \<\Large s >\qquad
    \verb!-s!\quad \<\Large -s >\qquad
    \verb!-s-!\quad \<\Large -s- >\qquad
    \verb!s-!\quad \<\Large s- >\\
    \verb!h!\quad \<\Large h >\qquad
    \verb!-h!\quad \<\Large -h >\qquad
    \verb!-h-!\quad \<\Large -h- >\qquad
    \verb!h-!\quad \<\Large h- >\\
    \verb!d!\quad \<\Large d >\qquad
    \verb!-d!\quad \<\Large -d >\\
    \verb!lA!\quad \<\Large lA >\qquad
    \verb!-lA!\quad \<\Large -lA >\\
    \verb!1435 h-!\quad \<\Large 1435 h- >\qquad
    \verb!2014 m-!\quad \<\Large 2014 m- >
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Pemenggalan di awal atau akhir kalimat};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=webbrown, fill=webbrown!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=webbrown!75, text=white!200]
%
\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box) {%
    \begin{minipage}[t!]{0.35\textwidth}
        \color{wine-stain} 
\flushleft{Urutan angka ditulis seperti biasa.}\\
\centering
    \fullvocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!1234567890!\quad \<\Large 1234567890>\qquad
    \verb!123-456,789!\quad \<\Large 123-456,789 >
    \end{minipage}
    };
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Angka};
\end{tikzpicture}
%------------------------------------------------------------
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=RoyalBlue!50!black, fill=biru!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=RoyalBlue!50!black, text=white!200]

\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, rotate=-10, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box){%
    \begin{minipage}{0.47\textwidth}
    \flushleft{Ligatur ada dua huruf atau lebih yang kemudian bersatu menjadi satu huruf, terbentuk secara otomatis, tetapi dapat pula digunakan tanda \verb!|!.}\\
    \centering
    \fullvocalize 
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!'al-'islAmu!\quad \<\Large 'al-'islAmu >\\
    \verb!'al-^gAru!\quad \<\Large 'al-^gAru >\qquad
    \verb!'al|^gAru!\quad \<\Large 'al|^gAru >\\
    \verb!_tumma!\quad \<\Large _tumma >\qquad
    \verb!_tu|mma!\quad \<\Large _tu|mma >\\
    \verb!mu.hammaduN!\quad \<\Large mu.hammaduN >\qquad
    \verb!mu|.ha|mmaduN!\quad \<\Large mu|.ha|mmaduN>
    \end{minipage}
};
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Ligatur};
\node[fancytitle, rounded corners] at (box.east) {$\clubsuit$};
\end{tikzpicture}
%
\tikzstyle{mybox} = [draw=webbrown, fill=webbrown!5, very thick,
    rectangle, rounded corners, inner sep=15pt, inner ysep=20pt]
\tikzstyle{fancytitle} =[fill=webbrown!75, text=white!200]
%
\begin{tikzpicture}[transform shape, baseline=-3.5cm]
\node [mybox] (box) {%
    \begin{minipage}[t!]{0.35\textwidth}
        \color{wine-stain} 
\flushleft{Ditulis dengan \verb!\emphasize! atau \verb!\emph!.}\\
\centering
    \novocalize
    \color{biru!10!black}
    \verb!\emphasize{.sl`m}!\quad \<\Large \emphasize {.sl`m}>\qquad
    \verb!\emphasize{ab\,^g}!\quad \<\Large \emphasize {ab\,^g} >
    \verb!\emph{`alayhi as-salAmu} !\\ \<\Large \emph {`alayhi as-salAmu} >
    \end{minipage}
    };
\node[fancytitle, right=10pt] at (box.north west) {Singkatan dan penekanan (\emph{emphasis})};
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}


Demikian semoga bermanfaat!

Adjie Gumarang Pujakelana 2013

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7 comments:

  1. saya mencoba compile script abang dengan Texmaker kenapa banyak error ya? gambar screenshot: http://wp.me/a2HB8t-5r

    dan ngomong2 hasil PDF outputnya biar bisa di-copy gimana ya?
    maaf newbie banyak tanya

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Cobalah untuk menuliskan teks Arabnya saja, tanpa memuat paket TikZ. Agar tidak ragu atas ketersediaan file-file LaTeX yang diperlukan, saya sarankan untuk memasang dan menggunakan TeXLive saja, silakan dibuka halaman ini: http://goo.gl/TsggYJ

      Delete
  2. @Slamet Badwi , kemungkinan besar anda menggunakan paket LaTeX tidak lengkap jadi perlu diinstal,

    ReplyDelete
  3. Mengenai "huruf lam bertasydid dengan vokal kasrah, maka hasilnya ternyata vokal fathah" ini sepertinya masalah font Arab yg dipakai. Kebanyakan font Arab meletakkan kasrah ketika bersama tasydid di atas huruf di bawah tasydid. Dan itu tidak hanya terjadi pada huruf lam.

    Coba misalnya menulis rabbi dan .salli, hasilnya yg pertama kasrah akan diletakkan di atas huruf ba' di bawah tasydid, yg kedua di atas huruf lam di bawah tasydid.

    Nah untuk membedakan dengan: fathah ketika bersama tasydid selalu diletakkan di atas tasydid.

    Coba kalau font Arab yang dipergunakan seperti Amiri, Arabic Typesetting, Sakkal Majjala, dll, font2 tsb mendukung peletakan kasrah di bawah huruf meskipun bersama tasydid.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Terimakasih, Mas Sahlan, atas penjelasannya. Tentang hal tersebut memang benar dan pemilihan font (misalnya Amiri) dapat dilakukan, tetapi dengan menggunakan arabxetex dalam compiler XeLaTeX. Silakan membaca Sholawat Nariyah ini http://menulislatex.blogspot.com/2014/03/arabxetex.html

      Delete
    2. Terimakasih.
      Setelah saya baca beberapa buku tentang 'Ilmu Imla'/Rasm ternyata ada buku yang menjelaskan bahwa peletakan kasrah di atas huruf di bawah tasydid itu dibenarkan. Jadi memang ada dua variasi penulisan ketika kasrah dan tasydid berbarengan, bisa dibawah huruf dan bisa di atas huruf tapi di bawah tasydid untuk membedakan dengan fathah.

      Delete
    3. Terimakasih, Mas Sahlan! Informasi ini sekaligus menjawab pertanyaan tentang hal tersebut.

      Delete

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